Angola: Government

Republic of Angola Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Angola

Key Figures

Chief of State: President José Eduardo dos Santos

Head of Government: President José Eduardo dos Santos

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Angola

Constitution: Adopted: 2010; Establishes the government model similar to those in place in South Africa and Botswana, abolishes the direct election of the president, creates term limits, and clarifies land rights.

Government Type: Republic with Multiparty Presidental Regime

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president possesses the executive authority in the Angolan government after the 2010 constitution eliminated the position of prime minister. The vice president serves as the deputy head of state. The cabinet serves each specific designated ministry.

The president is elected as the leader of the party who has received the most votes in the national assembly. The vice president is appointed by the president. The cabinet ministers are appointed by the president.

President: 5 years; Vice President: 5 years; Cabinet Members: 5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is given the power to administer justice and discharge jurisdictional duties on a nationwide level.

The president appoints the 16 supreme court judges upon recommendation of an association of magistrates, and he appoints the attorney general. Confirmation by the general assembly is not required.

Life appointment

Legislative

The national assembly is responsible for the creation of laws as the legislating body of Angolan government.

The national assembly has 220 members who are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: From 1975 to 1989, Angola was aligned with the Soviet Union and Cuba. Since then, it has focused on improving relationships with Western countries, cultivating links with other Portuguese-speaking countries, and asserting its own national interests in Central Africa through military and diplomatic intervention, though ties with Cuba remain strong. Angola joined the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in order to improve ties with its largely Anglophone neighbors to the south and east. Angola holds the SADC presidency from September 2011 to September 2012. Multilaterally, Angola has promoted the revival of the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP) as a forum for cultural exchange and a means of expanding ties with Portugal and Brazil.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECCAS, SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU CPLP FAO G-77
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA NAM OAS OPEC SADC
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary