Antigua and Barbuda: Government

Antigua and Barbuda Flag
Coat of Arms of Antigua and Barbuda

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II; represented by Governor General Rodney Williams

Head of Government: Prime Minister Gaston Browne

Overview

Government Name: Antigua and Barbuda

Constitution: Adopted: 1981; Establishes the state, structures the government, discusses fundamental rights and freedoms, and provides information about finances and judicial provisions.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The queen has mainly a ceremonial role. The governor-general represents the queen and acts on the advice of the prime minister. The prime minister's main role is to advise the governor-general on the appointment of council of ministers and preside over the senate.

The queen is hereditary. The governor-general is appointed by the queen. The prime minister is appointed by the governor-general.

Governor-General: at Her Majesty's pleasure; Prime Minister: at Her Majesty's pleasure

Judicial

The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the superior court of record and has unlimited jurisdiction. It is charged with interpreting and applying the laws, deciding cases of both civil and criminal matters, and hearing appeals.

Judges are appointed by the judicial and legal services commission of the Caribbean community.

Justices of Appeal: retirement at age 65; High Court Judges: retirement at age 62

Legislative

The senate is the upper house of parliament. The house of representatives is the lower chamber of parliament.

17 senate members are elected by the governor-general. 17 house of representatives members are elected by simple majority vote in single-member constituencies and 2 members are designated ex officio.

Senate: 5 years; House of Representatives: 5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Antigua and Barbuda maintains diplomatic relations with the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the People's Republic of China, as well as with many Latin American, European, African, and neighboring Eastern Caribbean states. It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of American States, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, and the Eastern Caribbean's Regional Security System (RSS). Unlike some of its neighbors in the Eastern Caribbean, Antigua and Barbuda has withheld recognition of Taiwan and has established relations with the People's Republic of China.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM, OECS

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS C Caricom CDB CELAC
FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM ISO
ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OAS OECS
OPANAL OPCW Petrocaribe UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands
Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary