Bolivia: Government

Plurinational State of Bolivia Flag
Coat of Arms of Plurinational State of Bolivia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Juan Evo Morales Ayma

Head of Government: President Juan Evo Morales Ayma

Overview

Government Name: Plurinational State of Bolivia

Constitution: Adopted: 2009; Defines Bolivia as a unitary plurinational, and secular state. Additionally, it calls for a mixed economy of state, private, and communal ownership; restricts private land ownership to a designated amount; and recognizes various autonomies at the local and departmental level.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president possesses the executive authority.

The president is elected by popular vote to a five year term.

4 years

Judicial

The supreme court exercises legal power and upholds the constitution.

Supreme court judges are appointed to 10 year terms through popular vote.

10 years

Legislative

The national congress is the main legislative body of government. Its lower house is the chamber of deputies, and its upper house is the senate.

The 36 members of the chamber of senators are elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve 5-year terms. There are 130 members of the chamber of deputies, 70 of which are directly elected from a single district, 7 are directly elected from non-contiguous indigenous districts, while another 53 are elected by proportional representation from party lists.

3 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: In the 1960s, relations with Cuba were broken following Fidel Castro’s rise to power, but resumed under the Paz Estenssoro administration in 1985. Under President Morales, relations between Bolivia and Cuba improved considerably. Relations with Venezuela are close, with Venezuela providing funding until recently for some social programs.

Regional Trade Blocs: ANCOM

Treaties: South American Defense Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

CAN CD CELAC FAO G-77 IADB
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU LAES LAIA Mercosur MIGA MINUSTAH
MONUSCO NAM OAS OPANAL OPCW PCA
UN UNASUR UNCTAD UNESCO UNFICYP UNIDO
Union Latina UNISFA UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution
Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Internal Taxes Service

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary