Brunei: Government

Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace Flag
Coat of Arms of Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace

Key Figures

Chief of State: Sultan and Prime Minister Hassanal Bolkiah

Head of Government: Sultan and Prime Minister Hassanal Bolkiah

Overview

Government Name: Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace

Constitution: Adopted: 1959; Dictates the government including executive head of state and various councils. Eliminated the need for elections.

Government Type: Constitutional Sultanate

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The sultan has absolute executive authority. It appoints legislative council members and the supreme court.

The sultan and prime minister are hereditary.

Hereditary

Judicial

The supreme court is the highest court of the land. Shariah deals with Islamic law matters.

Supreme court judges are appointed by the monarch. The sharia court of appeal judges are appointed by the monarch.

Supreme Court judges can serve until age 65, Sharia Court of Appeal judges have no term limits.

Legislative

The legislative council advises the sultan.

The legislative council has 33 members who are appointed by the sultan.

Until dismissal by sultan

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Brunei joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) on January 7, 1984, 1 week after resuming full independence, and gives its ASEAN membership the highest priority in its foreign relations. The chairmanship of ASEAN will rotate to Brunei in 2013. Brunei joined the UN in September 1984. It also is a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum. Brunei hosted the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in November 2000 and the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) in July 2002.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC, ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB APEC ARF ASEAN C CP
EAS ESCAP G-77 IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IDB IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC ISO ITSO
ITU NAM OIC OPCW UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIFIL UNWTO UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary