Burma: Government

Republic of the Union of Myanmar Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Htin Kyaw

Head of Government: President Htin Kyaw

Overview

Government Name: Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Constitution: Adopted: 2008; Was voted on by a public referendum in attempt to slowly transition Burma into a democracy, although opposing authorities consider it to be more of a tool for maintaining military control of Burma. The structure of government, its powers, and elections are detailed in depth. However, revisions in state structure were not implemented until August 2010.

Government Type: Parliamentary Government

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president appoints the cabinet, nominates judges, is the commander-in-chief of armed forces, and is in charge of executory tasks of the government.

The president is elected by the parliament from among three vice presidents of the different parliamentary houses.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is the highest court of the land.

The chief justice and judges are nominated by the president with approval of the Pythu Hlattaw.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

The legislative branch is in charge of creating legislature and confirms the president's nominations.

Members of the house of nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw) are elected on basis of township and population. Members of the house of representatives (Pythu Hluttaw) are directly elected equally from regions and states.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Burma's foreign relations have historically been strained due to human rights violations, particularly with Western nations, even though relations have been approving as of late. Burma has generally maintained warmer relations with neighboring states and is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Regional Trade Blocs: ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB ARF ASEAN BIMSTEC CP EAS
ESCAP FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO
ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITU ITUC NAM OPCW
SAARC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Law of the Sea
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary