Democratic Republic of the Congo: Government

Congo, Democratic Republic of the Flag
Coat of Arms of Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Joseph Kabila

Head of Government: Prime Minister Samy Badibanga

Overview

Government Name: Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Constitution: Adopted: 2006; Establishes the roles and structure of the executive, judicial, and legislative powers. Also discussed in depth are political pluralism, nationality and citizenship, rights, duties, military, and police.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

In addition to being in charge of the executory tasks of the government, the president also appoints the prime minister and judges and is commander and chief of armed forces. The prime minister heads the cabinet and advises and aids the president on executory tasks.

The president is elected by plurality vote.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court of justice is the highest court of the land. The constitutional court reviews cases concerning the constitution.

The supreme court of justice judges are nominated by the judicial service council, an independent body of public prosecutors and selected judges of the lower courts.

No term limit

Legislative

The legislative branch is in charge of policy making and oversees the prime minister's duties.

The senate has 108 members indirectly elected through an open-list proportional representation system. The national assembly has 61 members who are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 439 members who are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Democratic Republic of Congo is large and has a strategic location in the center of Africa. The vast mineral wealth available has made the country a key regional player since even before independence. The DRC's relations with its neighbors have often been driven by security concerns, leading to intricate, interlocking, and shifting alliances. The country is currently dealing with a civil war that has drawn in military forces from neighboring states with countries like Ugandan, Burundian, and Rwandan forces helping the rebel movement which has in turn created bilateral and regional tensions.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, ECCAS, SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU CEPGL COMESA EITI
FAO G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO
ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
NAM OIF OPCW PCA SADC UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary