Dominica: Government

Commonwealth of Dominica Flag
Coat of Arms of Commonwealth of Dominica

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Charles Savarin

Head of Government: Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit

Overview

Government Name: Commonwealth of Dominica

Constitution: Adopted: 1978; States the government's separation of powers in which legislative power is possessed by the parliament, executive by the president and cabinet of ministers, and judicial by the courts.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the head of state, appoints the prime minister, acts in accordance with the advice of the prime minister, and appoints the cabinet of ministers. The prime minister is the head of government, supervises cabinet meetings, can call elections any time, and, in the spirit of the Westminster system, is nominally "Primus Inter Pares," or first among equals.

The president is elected by parliament, and the prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

The legal system is based on English common law. There are three magistrate's courts, with appeals made to the Eastern Caribbean court (a superior court of record for the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)) and, ultimately, to the judicial committee of the privy council in London.

The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) chief justice is appointed by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II. Other justices and judges are appointed by the judicial and legal services commission.

The Court of Appeal justices: mandatory retirement age of 65; High Court judges: mandatory retirement age of 62

Legislative

The house of assembly is the legislature, and, together with the president, constitutes parliament.

The house of assembly has 9 members who are appointed by parliament, and another 21 members elected by plurality vote.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Dominica's main focus when it comes to foreign relations is economic development. The country of Dominica is also a member of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Bank and Organization of American States (OAS). In March 2004, Dominica established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM, OECS

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS C Caricom CD CDB
CELAC FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC ISO ITU ITUC
MIGA NAM OAS OECS OIF OPANAL
OPCW Petrocaribe UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary