Dominican Republic: Government

Dominican Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Dominican Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Danilo Medina

Head of Government: President Danilo Medina

Overview

Government Name: Dominican Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 2010; Separates powers into three branches. Since the country's independence in 1844, they have had 38 constitutions which is more than any country. The constitution also establishes the system of governance as a unitary, democratic republic.

Government Type: Democratic Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is both the head of state and the head of government, and also executes laws passed by the congress, appoints the cabinet, and is the commander in chief of the armed forces.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

4 years

Judicial

The supreme court has the judicial authority, and the court alone hears actions against the president, designated members of his cabinet, and members of congress.

The supreme court and constitutional court judges are appointed by the national council of the judiciary.

Supreme Court Judges: 7 year terms; Constitutional Court Judges: 9 year terms

Legislative

The national congress is bicameral and is composed of a senate and the chamber of deputies.

The senate has 32 members elected by plurality vote in single member constituencies. The chamber of deputies has 178 members elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Dominican Republic has a close relationship with the United States and Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico being their biggest trading partner. Haiti and the Dominican Republic coexist on the same island and there has and continues to be much political and social tension between the two countries. The Dominican Republic is a founding member of the United Nations as well as a member of the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the World Health Organization, and the Organization of American States.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS BCIE Caricom CD CELAC
FAO G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS
IHO ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC
LAES LAIA MIGA MINUSMA NAM OAS
OIF OPANAL OPCW Pacific Alliance PCA Petrocaribe
SICA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Dirección General de Impuestos Internos

Tax Name: Tax on the Transfer of Industrialized Goods and Services


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary