Egypt: Government

Due to the current political unrest in Egypt, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Arab Republic of Egypt Flag
Coat of Arms of Arab Republic of Egypt

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Head of Government: Prime Minister Sherif Ismail

Overview

Government Name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Constitution: Former Egyptian president was overthrown on July 3, 2013 which necessitated the revision of the constitution. A referendum took place January 14-15, 2014.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the head of state, supreme commander of the armed forces, and head of the executive branch of government. The prime minister is the head of the government, heads the cabinets, and may propose laws.

The president is elected by the absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president and approved by parliament.

6 years

Judicial

The judicial system is an independent branch of the government which includes both secular and religious courts.

Supreme constitutional court judges are appointed by the president of the republic.

No term limit

Legislative

The parliament enacts laws, approves the general policy of the state, supervises the work of the government, and has the power to vote to impeach the president of the republic, or replace the government and its prime minister by a vote of no-confidence. However, even though the powers of the parliament have increased since the 1980 amendments of the constitution, the parliament continues to lack the powers to balance the extensive powers of the president.

The advisory council has 176 members elected by absolute majority vote through a two round system and 88 members appointed by president. The people's assembly has 166 members elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system and 332 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

Advisory Council: 6 years; People's Assembly: 5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Geography, population, history, military strength, and diplomatic expertise give Egypt extensive political influence in the Middle East and within the Non-Aligned Movement as a whole. Cairo has been a crossroads of Arab commerce and culture for millenniums, and its intellectual and Islamic institutions are at the center of the region's social and cultural development. In recent years, Egypt has had an increased role in settling regional disputes, although internal power struggles have strained its relations between Arab neighbors and western political and economic ties.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League, COMESA

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AfDB AFESD AMF AU BSEC
CAEU CD CICA COMESA D-8 EBRD
FAO G-15 G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO
IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITSO ITU LAS MIGA MINURSO MONUSCO
NAM OAPEC OAS OIC OIF OSCE
PCA UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR
UNIDO UNISFA UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNRWA
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary