Eritrea: Government

State of Eritrea Flag
Coat of Arms of State of Eritrea

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Isaias Afwerki

Head of Government: President Isaias Afwerki

Overview

Government Name: State of Eritrea

Constitution: The Constitution of Eritrea was ratified by the Constituent Assembly in 1997, but has yet to be entered into force.

Government Type: Transitional Government

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The executive branch carries out the country’s domestic and foreign policy. Shaped by parliament, it directs and coordinates the work of government institutions and bears full responsibility for everything occurring within the authority of executive power.

The president is elected by national assembly.

5 years

Judicial

The judicial branch includes the review of court decisions which have entered into force (a new hearing of a court decision which has entered into force is conducted on the basis of a petition by a participant in the proceedings after new facts relevant to the adjudication of the case become evident) and the correction of court errors in court decisions which have entered into force.

High court judges are appointed by the president.

No term limit

Legislative

The legislature ratifies significant foreign agreements that impose military and proprietary obligations, brings about changes in law, approves the budget presented by the government as law, and monitors the executive power.

The national assembly has 75 members indirectly elected by ruling party and another 75 members elected by popular vote.

Information not available

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Eritrea's relations with its neighbors are strained, specifically with Eritrea and Djibouti. The country also has complicated relations with the U.S but they work together to continue fighting the war on terror. Eritrea is a member of the European Union, the United Nations, the African Union, and the Arab League.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU COMESA FAO G-77
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC IDA IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol
IOC ISO ITU ITUC LAS MIGA
NAM OPCW PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary