Gabon: Government

Gabonese Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Gabonese Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Ali Bongo Ondimba

Head of Government: Prime Minister Daniel Ona Ondo

Overview

Government Name: Gabonese Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 1961; Rewritten in 1991, establishes a republican form of government with strong presidential powers, contains provisions of a bill of rights and a council that protects those rights.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the head of state and has strong powers. The president appoints and can dismiss the prime minister, cabinet, and judges of supreme court and has authority to dissolve the national assembly and delay legislation. The prime minister is in charge of government day to day execution operations.

The president is elected by plurality vote.

7 years

Judicial

The judicial branch upholds the constitution and is the highest court of the land.

Constitutional court judges are appointed as follows: 3 by the national president, 3 by the president of the senate, and 3 by the president of the national assembly.

7 years

Legislative

The legislative branch is in charge of making laws.

The senate is elected by members of municipal councils and departmental assemblies. The national assembly is elected by majority vote in single member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Since independence, Gabon has followed a nonaligned policy, advocating international affair communication with the neighboring countries of Congo and Cameroon. Gabon is a proponent of development by evolution rather than revolution and supports regulated free enterprise as the best way to achieve economic growth within Africa. Gabon is a member of the United Nations, the World Bank, the IMF, the African Union, and OPEC.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECCAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU BDEAC CEMAC FAO
FZ G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC
MIGA NAM OIC OIF OPCW UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands
Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary