Georgia: Government

Georgia Flag
Coat of Arms of Georgia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Giorgi Margvelashvili

Head of Government: Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili

Overview

Government Name: Georgia

Constitution: Adopted: 1995; Established a multi-party presidential representative democratic republic, branches with executive powers vested in government and legislative powers both by government and parliament. The constitution outlines independence, rights of citizens, and the powers of the different branches

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president appoints the prime minister and the cabinet. The head of state is the prime minister, who is in charge of day-to-day operations of the executive government

The president is elected by absolute majority vote with a 2 round system

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court and constitutional court uphold and interpret the constitution.

Supreme court judges are nominated by the president and appointed by the parliament. Constitutional court judges are appointed by the president following candidate selection by the justice council.

10 years

Legislative

The parliament creates legislature and elects supreme court judges on the president's recommendation

The legislative branch has 77 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system, and another 73 are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Georgia's location between the Black Sea, Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey gives it strategic importance as a transit corridor. It is developing as the gateway from the Black Sea to the Caucasus and the Caspian basin. Georgia has a long and turbulent relationship with Russia and has had to reach out to other neighboring countries as well as countries in the west for economic growth and opportunities. Georgia is a member of the United Nations and has also signed a partnership and cooperation agreement with the European Union.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB BSEC CD CE EAPC EBRD
ESCAP FAO G-11 GCTU GUAM IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA OAS OIF OPCW OSCE
PFP SELEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary