Guatemala: Government

Republic of Guatemala Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Guatemala

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Jimmy Morales

Head of Government: President Jimmy Morales

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Guatemala

Constitution: Adopted: 1985; Outlines the separation of powers among executive, legislative and judicial branches, establishes unicameral congress.

Government Type: Constitutional Democratic Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of government and state and in charge of executive tasks.

Elected by majority vote through a two-round system.

4 years

Judicial

The constitutional court interprets the law when the constitution is affected. The supreme court is the highest court of the land.

Supreme court magistrates are elected by the congress of the republic from candidates proposed by the postulation committee, representatives of the country's law associations, and representatives of the court of appeal and other tribunals. The constitutional court judges include 1 elected by the congress of the republic, 1 by the supreme court, 1 by the president of the republic, 1 by the University of San Carlos, and 1 by a lawyers bar association.

5 years

Legislative

In charge of forming the legislature.

158 members are elected through 22 departmental lists with another 31 national level representatives selected in one nationwide district.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Guatemala's major diplomatic interests are regional security, sustainable development, and economic integration. Guatemala participates in several regional groups, particularly those related to trade and the environment. The U.S. and Central American countries signed the CONCAUSA (Conjunto Centroamerica-USA) agreement at the Summit of the Americas in December 1994. CONCAUSA is a cooperative plan of action to promote clean, efficient energy use; conserve the region's biodiversity; strengthen legal and institutional frameworks and compliance mechanisms; and improve and harmonize environmental protection standards.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BCIE CACM CD CELAC EITI FAO
G-24 G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS
IHO ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC
LAES LAIA MIGA MINUSTAH MONUSCO NAM
OAS OPANAL OPCW Pacific Alliance PCA Petrocaribe
SICA UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UNIFIL Union Latina UNISFA UNITAR UNMISS UNOCI
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic Treaty Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution
Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: The Tax Administration Superintendence

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary