Haiti: Government

Republic of Haiti Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Haiti

Key Figures

Chief of State: President (acting) Jocelerme Privert

Head of Government: Prime Minister (acting) Enex Jean-Charles

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Haiti

Constitution: Adopted: 1987; Established a semi-presidential republic and multiparty system, bilateral parliament, separation of powers among executive, legislative, and judicial branches

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president and prime minister are responsible for constituting the executive branch of government.

Absolute majority vote through a two round system.

5 years

Judicial

Responsible for constituting the judicial branch of government.

Appointed by the president from candidate lists submitted by the legislative branch.

10 years

Legislative

The senate and chamber of deputies are responsible for legislation and electing the president.

30 seats in the senate are elected by an absolute majority vote through a two round system. The 99 seats of the chamber of deputies are elected through an absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

Senate: 6 years; Chamber of Deputies: 4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Major bilateral donors include the United States, Canada, the EU, Spain, France, Brazil, Norway, Japan, and Venezuela. Cuba provides highly visible, low-cost medical and technical experts. Multilateral aid is provided by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, as well as the UN and its agencies. Most bilateral assistance is currently channeled through foreign aid agencies and non-governmental organizations.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS Caricom CD CDB CELAC
FAO G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ITSO ITU ITUC LAES MIGA NAM
OAS OIF OPANAL OPCW PCA Petrocaribe
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary