Honduras: Government

Republic of Honduras Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Honduras

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Juan Orlando Hernández

Head of Government: President Juan Orlando Hernández

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Honduras

Constitution: Adopted: 1982; Establishes a presidential representative democratic republic with the president as head of both state and government; establishes a multi-party system; and the separation of powers among executive, legislative, and judicial branches with the executive holding more powers.

Government Type: Democratic Constitutional Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Responsible for constituting the executive branch of government.

The president is elected by popular vote.

4 years

Judicial

Responsible for constituting the judicial branch of government.

Elected by the national congress from candidates proposed by the nominating board.

7 years

Legislative

Responsible for constituting the legislative branch of government.

Open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Honduras is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, as well as the Central American Integration System. Honduras is a strong proponent of Central American cooperation and integration which eased border controls and tariffs among Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BCIE CACM CD CELAC FAO G-11
G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITSO ITU ITUC LAES LAIA MIGA
MINURSO NAM OAS OPANAL OPCW Pacific Alliance
PCA Petrocaribe SICA UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary