Iran: Government

Islamic Republic of Iran Flag
Coat of Arms of Islamic Republic of Iran

Key Figures

Chief of State: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Hosseini-Khamenei

Head of Government: President Hassan Rouhani

Overview

Government Name: Islamic Republic of Iran

Constitution: Adopted: 1979; Constitution has been called a "hybrid" of "theocratic and democratic elements." While articles one and two vest sovereignty in God, article six "mandates popular elections for the presidency and the Majlis, or parliament."

Government Type: Islamist Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The supreme leader is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces and appoints several positions including judiciary, media networks, and commanders of military forces. The president is the highest state authority figure and is responsible for implementation of constitution, exercising executive powers, selecting government policy for legislature, and appointing the council of ministers.

The supreme leader is appointed by an assembly of experts. The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

Supreme leader: Life appointment; President: 4 years

Judicial

The supreme court is the highest court of the land and has jurisdiction over all constitutional cases.

The supreme court president is appointed by the head of the supreme judicial council in consultation with the judges of the supreme court. Information regarding other judge appointments and tenures is not available.

President of Supreme Court: 5 years; other judges: information not available

Legislative

The Islamic consultative assembly drafts legislation and ratifies treaties.

The Islamic consultative assembly has 290 members who are elected by qualified plurality vote.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Iran is a member of the International Monetary Fund, OPEC, the WHO, and the United Nations. The Iranian government aims to establish world order through world peace as well as global collective security and justice. Iran maintains diplomatic relations with the majority of the members of the United Nations, except for the United States and Israel.

Regional Trade Blocs: No regional trade blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

CICA CP D-8 ECO ESCAP FAO
G-15 G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC
IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU MIGA NAM OIC OPCW OPEC
PCA SAARC SCO UN UNAMID UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNITAR UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution
Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary