Laos: Government

Lao People's Democratic Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Lao People's Democratic Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Bounnhang Vorachith

Head of Government: Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith

Overview

Government Name: Lao People's Democratic Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 1991; Protects the right to preserve the national culture, natural heritage, fine tradition, antiques and historical places of the country and its ethnic minorities, the right to transfer of technology, and and the right to create artistic and literary works and to engage in cultural activities.

Government Type: Communist state

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Appoints prime minister and cabinet, and is in charge of executory tasks of the government.

Elected by National Assembly.

5 years

Judicial

In charge of interpreting the constitution and upholding the law.

Appointed by National Assembly Standing Committee.

Information not available

Legislative

Elects the president, approves appointments by president and is in charge of creating legislature.

132 members elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Currently, Laos' foreign policy concentrates on its immediate neighbors. Laos generally maintains a low profile in the larger international arena, although it has been playing an increasing role in activities of the Non-Aligned Movement and hosted the First States Party of the Cluster Munitions Convention in 2010. In 2011, Laos accepted the statutes of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Regional Trade Blocs: APTA, ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB ARF ASEAN CP EAS ESCAP
FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
Interpol IOC IPU ISO ITU MIGA
NAM OIF OPCW PCA UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary