Lesotho: Government

Kingdom of Lesotho Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Lesotho

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Letsie III

Head of Government: Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Lesotho

Constitution: Adopted: 1993; Includes articles on the kingdom and its laws, the protection of fundamental human rights and freedoms, and principles of state policy.

Government Type: Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The king serves as a ceremonial function and posses no real authority in politics. The prime minister is head of government and in charge of executive tasks of the government.

The leader of the majority party, or coalition of parties, in the assembly automatically becomes prime minister. The monarchy is hereditary.

5 years

Judicial

Interprets constitution, and is the supreme court of the land.

Judges appointed by the monarch on advice of the Judicial Service Commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 75

Legislative

Elects a prime minister and in charge of creating legislature.

80 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 40 elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Since Lesotho gained its independence from Great Britain in 1966, the United States became one of the first countries to establish an embassy in Maseru. Since then, Lesotho and the United States have maintained strong bilateral relations. Lesotho has continued their membership in a number of regional economic organizations including the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Lesotho is also an active member in the United Nations, and many other international organizations.

Regional Trade Blocs: SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C CD FAO
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITU MIGA
NAM OPCW SACU SADC UN UNAMID
UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary