Marshall Islands: Government

Republic of Marshall Islands Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Marshall Islands

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Hilda Heine

Head of Government: President Hilda Heine

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Marshall Islands

Constitution: Recognized by the U.S. in 1979; Contains a basic Bill of Rights, outlines the government's structure and functions of each entity, and discusses the public service and finance of the country.

Government Type: Constitutional Government in Free Association with the United States

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of government and head of state. Selects cabinet members from the Nitijela.

Elected by parliament.

4 years

Judicial

Supreme Court is the highest court of the land and has jurisdiction for all constitutional cases.

Judges are appointed by the cabinet on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission and upon the approval of the Nitijela.

Mandatory retirement age of 72

Legislative

Elects president from its own members and serves as the main legislative body for the Marshall Islands.

33 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: While the Government of the Marshall Islands is free to conduct its own foreign relations, it does so under the terms of the Compact of Free Association. Since independence, the Republic of the Marshall Islands has established relations with 67 nations, including most other Pacific Island nations. Regional cooperation, through membership in various regional and international organizations, is a key element in its foreign policy.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS ESCAP FAO G-77
IAEA IBRD ICAO IDA IFAD IFC
ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC
ITU OPCW PIF Sparteca SPC UN
UNCTAD UNESCO WHO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary