Montenegro: Government

Montenegro Flag
Coat of Arms of Montenegro

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Filip Vujanovic

Head of Government: Prime Minister Ðukanovic

Overview

Government Name: Montenegro

Constitution: Adopted: 2007; Defines Montenegro as a civic, democratic, and environmentally friendly country ruled by social justice. The new Constitution also replaced Serbian with Montenegrin as the national official language. Separation of church and state and governmental structure are among other issues discussed in the document.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president represents the republic, promulgates laws by ordinance, calls elections for the assembly, grants amnesty for criminal offenses, and confers decoration and other awards. The prime minister directs the work of the government and submits the Government's Program to the parliament.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is nominated by the president with the approval of parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Highest court of Montenegro that secures uniform enforcement of laws by the courts.

Chief Justice President proposed jointly by the president of Montenegro, speaker of the Assembly, and the prime minister. Other judges are elected by the Judicial Council.

9 years

Legislative

Passes all laws, ratifies international treaties, appoints the prime minister, ministries, and justices of all courts, adopts the budget, and performs other duties as established by the constitution.

Members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: European and Euro-Atlantic integration has been one of the driving forces behind the reform process that led to the signing of a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union (EU) in October 2007. On May 1, 2010, the SAA came into force after ratification by all 27 EU member states. On November 9, 2010, the European Commission recommended that Montenegro be approved as an EU candidate country, with the stipulation that accession negotiations begin after seven “key priorities” were addressed. That decision was ratified by the European Council, and EU candidate status was granted on December 17, 2010. Montenegro will begin negotiations to join the EU in 2012 if it meets the conditions set down by the European Council, which primarily call on Montenegro to take further steps to fight corruption and organized crime. Citizens overwhelmingly support EU membership, although the country faces continued challenges in its quest for Euro-Atlantic integration. The government also continues to pursue NATO membership.

Regional Trade Blocs: CEFTA

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

CE CEI EAPC EBRD FAO IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFC
IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OIF OPCW
OSCE PCA PFP SELEC UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNMIL UNWTO UPU
WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary