Niger: Government

Republic of Niger Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Niger

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Mahamadou Issoufou

Head of Government: Prime Minister Brigi Rafini

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Niger

Constitution: Adopted: 2010; Enacted as law by referendum following the coup d'etat of the previous President Mamdou Tandja which was organized by a junta called "Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy". The constitution aims to create sustainable democratic institutions.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President and Prime Minister share executive power.

President elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system and prime minister appointed by president.

4 years

Judicial

Constitutional Court has jurisdiction over constitutional and electoral matters. The High Court of Justice deals with cases involving senior government officials.

Constitutional Court is nominated by the president, national assembly, peer judges, peer lawyers, and from within Nigerien society. High Court of Justice selected from among the legislature and judiciary.

Constitutional Court: 6 years; High Court of Justice: 5 years

Legislative

Has oversight of the executive in voting on legislation, overriding a presidential veto, voting no confidence in the prime minister, and the reserved right of nominating the prime minister.

105 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 8 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Niger pursues a moderate foreign policy and maintains friendly relations with the West and the Islamic world, as well as nonaligned countries. It is a member of the United Nations and its main specialized agencies, and in 1980-81 served on the Security Council. Niger maintains a special relationship with France and enjoys close relations with its West African neighbors. Niger is once again a member in good standing of ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) and the African Union after having been suspended from late 2009 until the completion of the 2011 elections. It is a charter member of the African Union and the West African Monetary Union, and also belongs to the Niger River and Lake Chad Basin Commissions, the Nonaligned Movement, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. In 2010, Niger was elected to the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the International Telecommunications Union.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU CD ECOWAS EITI
Entente FAO FZ G-77 IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC
IFRCS ILO IMF Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
MINUSMA MONUSCO NAM OIC OIF OPCW
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNMIL UNOCI
UNWTO UPU WADB WAEMU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary