Norway: Government

Kingdom of Norway Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Norway

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Harald V

Head of Government: Prime Minister Erna Solberg

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Norway

Constitution: Adopted: 1814; Outlines the country's form of government and religion, the executive power, the King, and the Royal Family, rights of citizens and the legislative power, the judicial power, and general provisions

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

King is mainly symbolic power, but has influence as the symbol of national unity. Cabinet of Norway convenes formally to make decisions on matters of State, passing so-called Royal Resolutions. Prime Minister acts as the political leader of Norway and the Head of His Majesty's Government, few statutory powers, but can command the support of their parliamentary party and can control both the legislature and executive (de facto powers).

Prime minister is appointed by the monarch and cabinet members are chosen by the prime minister.

Prime minister: 4 years

Judicial

Highest court in Norway and also the court of appeal.

Judges appointed by the monarch upon the recommendation of the Judicial Appointments Board.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

Acts as a supporting political body for the prime minister and is named after the prime minister. Storting acts as the supreme legislature of Norway.

Elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Norway supports international cooperation and the peaceful settlement of disputes, and recognizes the need for maintaining national defense through collective security. Accordingly, the cornerstones of Norwegian policy are active membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and support for the United Nations and its specialized agencies. Norway also pursues a policy of economic, social, and cultural cooperation with other Nordic countries--Denmark, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland--through the Nordic Council and bilaterally. In addition to strengthening traditional ties with developed countries, Norway seeks to build friendly relations with developing countries and has undertaken humanitarian and development aid efforts with selected African, Asian, and Latin American nations. Norway also is dedicated to encouraging democracy, assisting refugees, promoting a global response to climate change, and protecting human rights throughout the world.

Regional Trade Blocs: EFTA

Treaties: NATO


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB Arctic Council Australia Group BIS CBSS
CD CE CERN EAPC EBRD EFTA
EITI ESA FAO FATF IADB IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IEA
IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
MINUSMA MONUSCO NATO NC NEA NIB
NSG OAS OECD OPCW OSCE Paris Club
PCA Schengen Convention UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR
UNIDO UNITAR UNMISS UNRWA UNTSO UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO
ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Antarctic Seals Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary