Panama: Government

Republic of Panama Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Panama

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Juan Carlos Varela

Head of Government: President Juan Carlos Varela

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Panama

Constitution: Adopted: 1972; Overviews topics such as the Panamanian State, citizenship and status of foreigners, individual and social rights and duties, political rights, the structure and function of government, municipal and provincial systems, public finances, the national economy, public employees, and security forces, among others.

Government Type: Constitutional Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is responsible for naming and separating the ministries, coordinating the labor of the administration of the public establishments, present legislature proposed by the National Assembly. Vice president assumes president's role should he be incapable, head the cabinet although he does not have a vote, and represent the president in national and international relations.

Elected by simple majority vote.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme Court of Justice is highest court of last resort, while electoral tribunal supervises voter registration, the election process, and the activities of political parties.

Supreme Court of Justice magistrates are appointed by the president.

Suggested 10 year terms

Legislative

National Assembly main legislative body of Panama.

National Assembly has 45 members elected by open-list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies and 26 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Panama is a member of the Organization of American States, was a founding member of the Rio Group, and participates in the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). An important aspect of Panama’s foreign policy is to maintain the neutrality of the Panama Canal.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BCIE CAN CD CELAC FAO G-77
IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC LAES LAIA
MIGA NAM OAS OPANAL OPCW Pacific Alliance
PCA SICA UN UNASUR UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution
Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary