Portugal: Government

Portuguese Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Portuguese Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

Head of Government: Prime Minister António Costa

Overview

Government Name: Portuguese Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 2005; Outlines basic topics such as fundamental rights and duties, organization of the economy, organization of political power, the government, autonomous regions, local government, public administration, and national defense.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is commander in chief of the armed forces, appointing and dismissing the prime minister, dissolving assembly to call early elections, and voting legislation. Prime Minister coordinates the action of ministers and represents the Government of Portugal

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Prime minster is appointed by the president.

President: 5 years, Prime Minister: 4 years

Judicial

Supreme Court serves as the court of last appeal, while Constitutional Court reviews the constitutionality of legislation.

Supreme Court justices are nominated by the president and appointed by the Assembly of the Republic. Constitutional Court has 10 justices elected by the Assembly of the Republic and 3 are elected by the other Constitutional Court judges.

6 years

Legislative

May dismiss the government through a vote of no confidence, change laws, and amend the constitution.

Assembly of the Republic members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Portugal has been a significant beneficiary of European Union funding and is a strong proponent of European integration. Portugal is a key member of the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP), an organization headquartered in Lisbon intended to unite Lusophone nations and discuss promoting the Portuguese language as well as political and economic linkages. Portugal is also a member of the Community of Democracies (CD) and has participated in a series of Ibero-American summits. Portugal was a strong advocate of independence for Timor-Leste, a former Portuguese colony, and has provided troops and money to Timor-Leste in close cooperation with the United States, Asian allies, and the United Nations.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB Australia Group BIS CD CE
CERN CPLP EAPC EBRD ECB EIB
EMU ESA EU FAO FATF IADB
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC LAIA
MIGA NATO NEA NSG OAS OECD
OPCW OSCE Pacific Alliance Paris Club PCA Schengen Convention
SELEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO
Union Latina UNMIT UNSC UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary