Rwanda: Government

Republic of Rwanda Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Rwanda

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Paul Kagame

Head of Government: Prime Minister Anastase Murekezi

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Rwanda

Constitution: Adopted: 2003; Provides for a two house parliament, elected President, and multi-party politics. Also sought to prvent Hutu or Tutsi hegemony over political power.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is the main executive head, while prime minister is the head of the Council of Ministers.

President is elected by plurality vote and prime minister is appointed by president.

President: 7 years; Prime Minister: Not specified

Judicial

Highest and independent judicial power.

Nominated by president and appointed by Senate.

8 years

Legislative

Bicameral legislative body, with the senate being the upper house.

Senate has 12 members indirectly elected by regional governing councils, 8 members appointed by the president, 4 members appointed by the Political Organizations Forum, and 2 members are selected by Institutions of higher learning. Chamber of Deputies has 53 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 27 members indirectly elected by special interest groups. Supreme Court judges are nominated by the president of the republic and approved by the Senate.

Senate: 8 years; Chamber of Deputies: 5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Rwanda plays a growing role in international affairs, including important contributions to international peacekeeping missions. In 2011, Rwanda deployed approximately 3,500 RDF peacekeepers to Sudan and South Sudan in support of UNAMID, UNMIS, and UNMISS. As of September 2011, Rwanda was training its 28th peacekeeping battalion since 2006. Rwanda National Police (RNP) has approximately 375 peacekeeping officers serving in UN missions in Cote d’Ivoire, Haiti, Liberia, and Sudan. Rwanda is among the top 10 troop-contributing countries for UN operations.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, EAC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C CEPGL COMESA
EAC EADB FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA MINUSMA
NAM OIF OPCW PCA UN UNAMID
UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNISFA UNMISS
UNSC UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Rwanda Revenue Authority

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary