Serbia: Government

Republic of Serbia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Serbia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Tomislav Nikolic

Head of Government: Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Serbia

Constitution: Adopted: 2006; This new constitution was necessary when Serbia became an independent state following Montenegro's secession and the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro. The constitution guarantees human and minority rights, the abolition of capital punishment, and bans human cloning. It also assigns the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet as the official script while minority languages are only meant to be used at local levels according to provisions.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Decisions regarding foreign policy, declaring a state of war and immediate danger of war, and passing enactments falling within the competence of the National Assembly for the duration of such a situation.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Prime minister is elected by parliament.

5 years

Judicial

Reviews and possibly overturns previous rulings made by lower courts.

Proposed by High Judicial Council (HJC) and elected by the National Assembly.

Life appointment

Legislative

Adopts and amends the Constitution, elects Government, appoints and dismisses Constitutional Court judges, president of the Supreme Court of Cassation, Governor of the National Bank of Serbia and other state officials.

National Assembly (Narodna skupština) members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Serbia has strongly emphasized its desire to join the EU and has begun to implement a broad reform agenda to advance the government’s EU integration goals. Aside from Kosovo, Belgrade has made efforts to improve relations with its regional neighbors. In March 2010, the National Assembly passed a resolution condemning the crimes committed at Srebrenica in 1995, which also reaffirmed the territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Serbian Government continues to state its full support for Bosnia and Herzegovina’s territorial integrity. In June 2011, President Tadic made his first formal visit to Sarajevo. President Tadic and Croatian President Josipovic have taken steps to improve bilateral relations between Serbia and Croatia, working to resolve longstanding obstacles to greater cooperation, including refugee, property, border, and war crimes issues. In early September 2011, Serbia hosted the Regional Summit of Heads of State of South Eastern Europe, which was attended by the Presidents of Croatia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, and Bulgaria.

Regional Trade Blocs: CEFTA

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BIS BSEC CD CE CEI EAPC
EBRD EU FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IFC IFRCS IHO
ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC
IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC
MIGA MONUSCO NAM OAS OIF OPCW
OSCE PCA PFP SELEC UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNFICYP UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNMIL
UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution
Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Poreska Uprava Republike Srbije

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary