Sierra Leone: Government

Republic of Sierra Leone Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Sierra Leone

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Ernest Bai Koroma

Head of Government: President Ernest Bai Koroma

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Sierra Leone

Constitution: Adopted: 1991; Sierra's Leone constitution outlines basic concepts such as the structure and functions of the branches of government and its various members. In addition, chapters are dedicated to defining the fundamental rights of its citizens, discussing the composition of the armed forces, territorial provisions, and the laws of the country.

Government Type: Constitutional Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Head of state and the head of government of Sierra Leone, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme Court has final jurisdiction in all civil and criminal cases within Sierra Leone, and its decisions cannot be appealed.

Appointed by president.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Can pass nationwide laws, authority to impeach the president for violating the constitution, and approve treaties, agreements or conventions with another nation.

Legislature has 112 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve and 12 members elected by indirect vote.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Sierra Leone has maintained cordial relations with the West, in particular with the United Kingdom. It also maintains diplomatic relations with China, Libya, Cuba, and Iran.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C ECOWAS EITI
FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO
ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITU ITUC MIGA MINUSMA
NAM OIC OPCW UN UNAMID UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL UNISFA UNMIT UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary