Singapore: Government

Republic of Singapore Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Singapore

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Tony Tan Keng Yam

Head of Government: Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Singapore

Constitution: Adopted: 1965; This constitution exercises the concept of original jurisdiction, meaning the power to hear cases for the first time in the case of the High Court. This constitution is considered to be the supreme law of the land for the country of Singapore. Basic topics such as the structure and functions of the government are also covered in detail.

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Responsible for the general direction of the government and accountable to the parliament.

President is elected by plurality vote and prime minister is appointed by the president.

6 years

Judicial

Administers justice independently of influence from other branches of government.

Appointed by president

Life appointment

Legislative

Responsible for enacting legislation.

12 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies, 75 members are elected through a group representation constituency (GRC) system, 9 members are nominated by the President and 3 members are appointed from a national compensatory list.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Singapore is nonaligned. It is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized and related agencies, and also of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth. The country has participated in UN peacekeeping/observer missions in Kuwait, Angola, Namibia, Cambodia, and Timor-Leste. Singapore supports two Provincial Reconstruction Teams and provides refueling aircraft in support of international efforts in Afghanistan. It strongly supports regional and international anti-piracy efforts, and has undertaken a leadership role in anti-piracy efforts in the Gulf of Aden. Singapore supports the concept of Southeast Asian regionalism and plays an active role in ASEAN, the ASEAN Regional Forum, and the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC, ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AOSIS APEC ARF ASEAN BIS
C CP EAS ESCAP FATF G-77
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO
IMSO Interpol IOC IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OPCW Pacific Alliance
PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNMIT UPU
WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary