Solomon Islands: Government

Solomon Islands Flag
Coat of Arms of Solomon Islands

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Frank Kabui

Head of Government: Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare

Overview

Government Name: Solomon Islands

Constitution: Adopted: 1978; Lays down the framework which defines fundamental political principles, establishes structure, procedures, powers & duties all in regards to the government.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state, as well as executing or enforcing the law.

Prime minister is elected by parliament.

4 years

Judicial

Interprets and applies the laws of the Solomon Islands to ensure equal justice under law and provides a mechanism for dispute resolution.

Appointed by governor-general.

Mandatory retirement age of 60

Legislative

Enacts legislation as approved by the executive branch.

National Parliament members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Countries with diplomatic missions in Solomon Islands are Australia, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Japan. Solomon Islands also has diplomatic relations with Taiwan, which has a resident representative in Honiara. On May 5, 2010, Solomon Islands and Cyprus signed an agreement to establish formal diplomatic relations.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS C EITI ESCAP
FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
IOC ITU MIGA OPCW PIF Sparteca
SPC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UPU WFTU
WHO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Environmental Modification Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary