Swaziland: Government

Kingdom of Swaziland Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Swaziland

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Mswati III

Head of Government: Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Swaziland

Constitution: Adopted: 2005; The constitution outlines basic concepts such as the kingdom, the monarchy, protection and promotion of fundamental rights and freedoms, citizenship, the directive principles of state policy and duties of the citizen, the structure of the branches of government, and other functions of conduct.

Government Type: Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

King, the prime minister, and the cabinet exercise total executive authority.

Prime minister is appointed by the monarch.

Appointment by monarch

Judicial

Based on a dual system where one part consists of courts based on the western model and laws, while the second part consists of Swaziland laws and customs.

Appointed by monarch.

Mandatory retirement age of 75

Legislative

Create laws that must be passed by the king who has the power to deny every law in place and can recommend new laws to be installed.

Senate has 20 members appointed by the monarch and 10 members elected by the Legislative Assembly, and the House of Assembly has 10 members appointed by the monarch and 55 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Swaziland is a member of the United Nations; the African Union; the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), which it currently chairs; and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Ten accredited ambassadors or honorary consuls are resident in the country. Swaziland maintains diplomatic missions in Brussels, Copenhagen, Kuala Lumpur, London, Maputo, Nairobi, Pretoria, Taipei, the United Nations, and Washington.

Regional Trade Blocs: COMESA, SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C COMESA FAO
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA NAM OPCW PCA SACU
SADC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary