Tajikistan: Government

Republic of Tajikistan Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Tajikistan

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Emomali Rahmon

Head of Government: Prime Minister Kokhir Rasulzoda

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Tajikistan

Constitution: Adopted: 1994; Amendments established a new bicameral parliament and extended the President's term of office to seven years. The Constitution declares ideological and political pluralism which guarantees human rights and social-legal guarantees.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is guarantor of the constitution and laws, rights and freedoms of an individual and a citizen, unity and territorial integrity, continuity and durability of the country, coordinated functioning and cooperation of the state bodies, observance of international treaties of Tajikistan. Council of Ministers is responsible for management of government activities in accordance with laws and decrees of the Supreme Assembly and decrees of the president.

President is elected by popular vote and prime minister is appointed by the president.

7 years

Judicial

Constitution provides for an independent judiciary, although the executive branch and criminal groups have considerable influence on judicial functions.

Nominated by president and approved by National Assembly.

10 year renewable terms, Mandatory retirement age of of 65

Legislative

Powers include adoption and introduction of changes into laws and resolutions, interpretation of constitution, and call for presidential elections.

National Assembly (Majlisi Milli) has 25 members selected by indirect vote, 8 members appointed by the President and 1 member reserved for the former President, and in the Assembly of Representatives (Majlisi Namoyandagon), 41 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies and 22 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Afghanistan continues to represent the primary security concern in Tajikistan's immediate neighborhood, although 2010 violence in Kyrgyzstan caused concern. With the ouster of the former Taliban government from Afghanistan, Tajikistan now has much friendlier relations with its neighbor to the south. The Taliban-allied Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), a U.S. Government-declared terrorist organization formerly active in Afghanistan and Tajikistan, has also been greatly diminished as a threat to Tajikistan's domestic stability. Rampant illicit trafficking of Afghan opium and heroin through Tajikistan remains a serious long-term threat to Tajikistan's stability and development, fostering corruption, violent crime, and economic distortions.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Collective Security Treaty Organization


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB CICA CIS CSTO EAEC EAPC
EBRD ECO ESCAP FAO G-77 GCTU
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU MIGA MINUSMA NAM OIC OPCW
OSCE PFP SCO UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Environmental Modification Ozone Layer Protection
Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary