Thailand: Government

Kingdom of Thailand Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Thailand

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Bhumibol Adulyadej

Head of Government: Interim Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Thailand

Constitution: Adopted: 2007; Drafted by a committee established by the military junta. Additionally, the junta made it illegal to publicly criticize the draft. Contents of the document include the rights and freedoms of the people, structure of the government, duties of the Thai people, direct political participation of the public, etc.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Advises the king on matters of legislation, government affairs, clemency, awards, and other matters requiring the king’s signature.

Prime minister is appointed by the monarch.

Prime Minister: 4 years

Judicial

Interprets the constitution, as well as adjudicate disputes involving state agencies, state enterprises, and local government organizations, or between state officials and private individuals.

Approved by monarch.

Until dismissal by monarch

Legislative

Appointment of a regent, declarations by a regent, amendment of the Palace Law on Succession, approval of succession to the throne, reconsideration of bills or organic law bills, constitutional amendments, a declaration of war, and approval of treaties.

Senate (Wuthisapha) has 73 members appointed by judges and independent government bodies and 77 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies, and the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon) has 375 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 125 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Thailand's foreign policy includes a close and longstanding security relationship with the United States. It also strongly supports ASEAN's efforts to promote economic development, social integration, and stability throughout the region. Relations with China are steadily increasing across the board. Thailand served as the chair of ASEAN from July 2008 to December 2009 and served as host to the ASEAN Summit (heads of government meeting) in February 2009, as well as the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting, Post Ministerial Conference, and Regional Forum in July 2009. At the July 2009 meeting in Phuket, the United States acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation with ASEAN.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC, ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB APEC ARF ASEAN BIMSTEC BIS
CD CICA CP EAS ESCAP FAO
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
NAM OAS OIC OIF OPCW OSCE
PCA PIF UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO
UNHCR UNIDO UNMOGIP UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Thai Revenue Department

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary