The Gambia: Government

Republic of the Gambia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of the Gambia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Yahya Abdul-Aziz Jemus Junkung Jammeh

Head of Government: President Yahya Abdul-Aziz Jemus Junkung Jammeh

Overview

Government Name: Republic of the Gambia

Constitution: Adopted: 1996; Established strong presidential government, unicameral legislature, independent judiciary, and protection of human rights.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president appoints the prime minister and the cabinet. The head of state is the prime minister who is in charge of day-to-day operations of the executive government.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote with a 2 round system.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court and constitutional court uphold and interpret the constitution.

Justices are appointed by the president after consultation with the Judicial Service Commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

The parliament creates legislature and elects supreme court judges on president's recommendation.

The legislative branch has 77 members elected through closed-list proportional representation system and 73 are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Gambia plays an active role in international affairs, especially West African and Islamic affairs, although its representation abroad is limited. As a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), The Gambia has played an active role in that organization's efforts to resolve the civil wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone and contributed troops to the community's ceasefire monitoring group (ECOMOG) in 1990 and (ECOMIL) in 2003. It also has sought to mediate disputes in nearby Guinea-Bissau and the neighboring Casamance region of Senegal. The Government of The Gambia believes Senegal was complicit in the March 2006 failed coup attempt. This has put increasing strains on relations between The Gambia and its neighbor. The subsequent worsening of the human rights situation has placed increasing strains of U.S.-Gambia relations.

Regional Trade Blocs: ECOWAS

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU ECOWAS FAO G-77
IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
ITUC MIGA MINUSMA NAM OIC OPCW
UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNMIL
UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary