Tonga: Government

Kingdom of Tonga Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Tonga

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Tupou VI

Head of Government: Prime Minister 'Akilisi Pohiva

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Tonga

Constitution: Adopted: 1875; Establishes the structure of the Tongan government in terms of branches: executive, judiciary, and legislative. Additionally, the constitution is separated into three parts: the declaration of rights of the Tongan people, the form of government, and part three provides the laws for land ownership, succession, and sale.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Empowered to advise the King in his capacity as Head of State and Fountain of Justice.

Prime minister is elected by parliament.

Prime minister: 3 years

Judicial

Supreme Court has original jurisdiction to try civil matters when the amount in dispute exceeds T$500 and in all matters of divorce, probate and admiralty. Appeals from decisions of the Supreme Court may be heard by the Court of Appeal, which is the final court of appeal for most matters.

Judge appointments by King need consent by Legislative Assembly.

Until dismissal by monarch

Legislative

Power to draft and enact laws.

In the Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea), 9 members are elected by hereditary state rulers and 17 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

3 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Tonga maintains cordial relations with most countries and has close relations with its Pacific neighbors. It is a member of the Pacific Islands Forum. In 1998, it recognized China and broke relations with Taiwan.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS C ESCAP FAO
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO IMF IMO
IMSO Interpol IOC ITU ITUC OPCW
PIF Sparteca SPC UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNIDO UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary