Turkey: Government

Republic of Turkey Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Turkey

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Head of Government: Prime Minister Binali Yildirim

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Turkey

Constitution: Adopted: 1982; Establishes the organization of the government, sets out the principles and rules of the state's conduct, and outlines the responsibilities the state towards its citizens. In addition, the document establishes the rights and responsibilities of the people while also setting guideliens for the delegation and exercise of sovereignty that belongs to the people of Turkey.

Government Type: Republican Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Limited powers and abdicates party membership upon election, appoints the prime minister and has the power to summon sessions of the TGNA, promulgate laws, and ratify international treaties.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system, while prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Examines the constitutionality of laws and other government actions.

Appointed by president.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Writes legislation, supervises the Council of Ministers, and adopts the budget.

Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Turkey is a member of NATO and candidate for the EU, and its primary political, economic, and security ties are with the West. However, the AKP government has also sought to strengthen relations with its Middle Eastern neighbors, and with Central Asian, African, and Latin American countries. As part of NATO command structure reforms, the headquarters in Izmir will transform into the new NATO Land Forces Command headquarters in 2012. Turkey has made important contributions to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan, commanding ISAF four times (2002, 2005, 2009-2010, and 2010-2011). Turkey currently commands Regional Command Capital and has set up two Provincial Reconstruction Teams, in Wardak and Jowzjan Provinces, with approximately 1,700 troops stationed in Afghanistan. Turkey also provides approximately 400 troops to the NATO mission in Kosovo. In Libya, Turkey played an active role in NATO's Operation Unified Protector to protect civilians in 2011. Turkey agreed in 2011 to host a radar as part of NATO’s missile defense architecture.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: NATO


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB Australia Group BIS BSEC CD CE
CERN CICA D-8 EAPC EBRD ECO
ESCAP EU FAO FATF G-20 IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB
IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
NATO NEA NSG OAS OECD OIC
OPCW OSCE Pacific Alliance Paris Club PCA SELEC
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL
UNRWA UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Antarctic Treaty Biodiversity Climate Change Desertification Endangered Species
Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Revenue Administration

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary