Turks and Caicos Islands: Government

Turks and Caicos Islands Flag
Coat of Arms of Turks and Caicos Islands

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor John Freeman

Head of Government: Premier Rufus Ewing

Overview

Government Name: Turks and Caicos Islands

Constitution:

Government Type: NA

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The governor serves as the British government administrator, retains responsibility for civil, defense, external affairs, and internal security. It also chairs and appoints the cabinet.

The monarch, which is hereditary, appoints the governor. Following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed premier by the governor.

No term limit

Judicial

The Magistrates' Court handles minor criminal charges and civil suits with damages below $10,000. Decisions of the Magistrates Court can be appealed to the higher Court of Appeals and Supreme Court. Appeals beyond the Supreme Court are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London, England.

Appointed by the governor in accordance with the Judicial Service Commission, which is a three member body of high level judicial officials

Supreme Court judges have a mandatory retirement age of 65, but it can be extended to age 70. Appeals Court judge tenure is determined by the individual terms of appointment.

Legislative

The Governor with the advice and consent of the House of Assembly may make laws for the peace, order and good government of the Islands. Any member of the House of Assembly can introduce a new bill or make a motion.

There are 19 seats in the unicameral House of Assembly. 15 members are directly elected via a simple majority vote in their constituencies. The remaining 4 members are appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier and opposition party.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The United Kingdom is formally responsible for Bermuda's foreign and defense policy. Once subject to condemnation as an "uncooperative tax haven" by the OECD, Turks and Caicos has since “substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard” according to a subsequent OECD report. The overhaul of the islands tax codes culminated in the 2013 signing of an agreement to share tax information with Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain. The British Overseas Territory has a strong connection to Canada and the idea of a political and economic union has been discussed by politicians in the past.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM

Treaties:


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Caricom CDB Interpol UPU

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary