Tuvalu: Government

Tuvalu Flag
Coat of Arms of Tuvalu

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II

Head of Government: Prime Minister Enele Sosene Sopoaga

Overview

Government Name: Tuvalu

Constitution: Adopted: 1978; Establishes Tuvalu as a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy and dictates the structure of government in terms of the sovereign, head of state, and parliament.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Governor-General represents the queen and is head of state, appoints cabinet on advice from prime minister. Prime Minister is in charge of executory tasks of the government, advises monarch on governor-general.

Governor General is appointed by parliament and prime minister is elected by parliament.

Governor general: Until dismissal by parliament; Prime Minister: Until dismissal by Governor-General

Judicial

High Court of Tuvalu is independent of the government and the supreme court of the land having unlimited jurisdiction.

Chief Justice of High Court is appointed from a different Commonwealth country.

Until resignation

Legislative

Parliament of Tuvalu (Palamene o Tuvalu) elects prime minister, in charge of creating legislature, policies & budgets.

Parliament (Fale I Fono) members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Tuvalu maintains an independent but generally pro-Western foreign policy. It maintains close relations with Fiji, New Zealand, and Australia. It has diplomatic relations with Taiwan, which maintains the only resident embassy in Tuvalu and has a large assistance program in the islands. There is no U.S. embassy in Tuvalu, but U.S. diplomats from the U.S. embassy in Fiji are accredited to Tuvalu and visit there regularly.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP ADB AOSIS C ESCAP FAO
IBRD IDA IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
IOC ITU OPCW PIF Sparteca SPC
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WHO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection
Ship Pollution Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary