Uruguay: Government

Oriental Republic of Uruguay Flag
Coat of Arms of Oriental Republic of Uruguay

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Tabaré Vázquez

Head of Government: President Tabaré Vázquez

Overview

Government Name: Oriental Republic of Uruguay

Constitution: Adopted: 1967; Has been amended in 1989, 1994, 1996, and 2004. Topics include: the nation and its sovereignty, rights, duties, and guarantees, citizenship and suffrage, the form of government and its various powers, sections of the general assembly, provisions common to both chambers, and the permanent commission; introduction, and relations between the executive and legislative power.

Government Type: Constitutional Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Powers include command of all armed forces, promulgation of all laws, issuing special regulations necessary for its implementation, right to veto laws, and negotiation of treaties with the ratification of the legislature.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

An independent power of the state that heads both civilian and military courts.

Appointed by executive branch.

10 years

Legislative

Bicameral General Assembly enacts laws and regulates the administration of justice.

Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system, and 1 member is filled ex officio. Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Uruguay traditionally has had strong political and cultural links with its neighbors and Europe. With globalization and regional economic problems, its links to North America have strengthened. Uruguay is a strong advocate of constitutional democracy, political pluralism, and individual liberties. Its international relations historically have been guided by the principles of non-intervention, multilateralism, respect for national sovereignty, and reliance on the rule of law to settle disputes. Uruguay's international relations also reflect its drive to seek export markets and foreign investment. It is a founding member of MERCOSUR, the Southern Cone Common Market also composed of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay.

Regional Trade Blocs: MERCOSUR

Treaties: South American Defense Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

CAN CD CELAC FAO G-77 IADB
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF
IMO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITSO ITU LAES LAIA Mercosur MIGA
MINURSO MINUSTAH MONUSCO NAM OAS OPANAL
OPCW Pacific Alliance PCA UN UNASUR UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNISFA UNMOGIP UNOCI
UNWTO UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Directorate General of Taxes

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary