Uzbekistan: Government

Republic of Uzbekistan Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Uzbekistan

Key Figures

Chief of State: Interim President Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Head of Government: Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Uzbekistan

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Serves as the supreme law of Uzbekistan. Creates a separation of powers among a strong presidency (executive), legislature, and a judiciary. Although many features of the constitution are considered to be democratic, often it may be superseded by executive decrees and legislation.

Government Type: Republic under Authoritarian Presidential Rule

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

Dominates all three branches, appoints the prime minister, all members of the cabinet, all members of the judiciary, 16 members of the newly formed Senate, and all provincial executives, and directly controls the National Security Service.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system and the prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Decisions of the judiciary generally follow those of the Office of the Procuracy, the state prosecutorial agency, and the president has the power to appoint and remove judges.

Appointed by Senate.

5 years

Legislative

Parliament has very limited legislative powers under the executive branch.

Senate is elected by regional governing councils and 16 members are appointed by the president, and the Legislative Chamber members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: While Uzbekistan is a member of several regional organizations, it prefers to address issues bilaterally rather than in multilateral forums. The country’s relations with its neighbors, especially Tajikistan, are strained. Short skirmishes between border guards and closures of border crossings for security and political reasons are common. Uzbekistan has participated in efforts in the region to combat terrorism and the narcotics trade.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: Shanghai Cooperation Organization


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB CICA CIS EAPC EBRD ECO
ESCAP FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF Interpol IOC ISO ITSO
ITU MIGA NAM OIC OPCW OSCE
PFP SCO UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary