Alabama: Profile

Government 
Governor:Robert Bentley (R)
Treasurer:Young Boozer (R)
Senators:Jeff Sessions (R)
Richard Shelby (R)
Entered Union:December 14, 1819
U.S. Representatives:7
Area 
Total Area135,767 km2 / 52,420 mi2
Land Area131,171 km2 / 50,645 mi2
Water Area4,597 km2 / 1,775 mi2
Water Area Percentage3.39 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -6
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -5
Weather 
Record High Temperature112°F / 44°C , Centerville (September 5, 1925)
Record Low Temperature-27°F / -33°C , New Market (January 30, 1966)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$199 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$37,593 (2014)
Population 
Population4,802,740 (2011)
Under 19 Population1,276,312 / 26.7% (2010)
65 and older Population657,792 / 13.8% (2010)
Male Population2,320,188 / 48.5% (2010)
Female Population2,459,548 / 51.5% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 183,831 (2007)
Net International Immigration 5,319 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)13.3 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)18.9% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Birmingham 212,038
Montgomery 205,293
Mobile 194,822
Employment 
Employment 1,958,800 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$738 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)6.6% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$5,073 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$4,997 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$45,144 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$37,512 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$24 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$41,204 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$1,801 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)84.7% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)23.5% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)8.8% (2014)
Largest Universities  
Troy University
Auburn University
University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)101,811 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)20.9% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 88 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BHMBirmingham-Shuttlesworth InternationalBirmingham
DHNDothan RegionalDothan
HSVHuntsville International-Carl T Jones FieldHuntsville
MGMMontgomery Regional (Dannelly Field)Montgomery
MOBMobile RegionalMobile
Ports 
Birmingham
Guntersville
Huntsville
Mobile

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary