California: Profile

Government 
Governor:Jerry Brown (D)
Treasurer:John Chiang (D)
Senators:Barbara Boxer (D)
Dianne Feinstein (D)
Entered Union:September 9, 1850
U.S. Representatives:53
Area 
Total Area423,967 km2 / 163,695 mi2
Land Area403,466 km2 / 155,779 mi2
Water Area20,501 km2 / 7,915 mi2
Water Area Percentage4.84 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -8
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -7
Weather 
Record High Temperature134°F / 57°C , Death Valley (July 10, 1913)
Record Low Temperature-45°F / -43°C , Boca (January 20, 1937)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$2,312 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$54,462 (2014)
Population 
Population37,691,912 (2011)
Under 19 Population10,452,042 / 28.1% (2010)
65 and older Population4,246,514 / 11.4% (2010)
Male Population18,517,830 / 49.7% (2010)
Female Population18,736,126 / 50.3% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 14,441,651 (2007)
Net International Immigration 165,600 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)14.3 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)16.8% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Los Angeles 3,857,799
San Diego 1,338,348
San Jose 982,765
Employment 
Employment 16,177,900 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$964 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)7.3% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$5,516 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$3,563 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$43,209 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$49,985 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$369 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$559,096 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$3,111 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)82.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)31.7% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)11.8% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of California Los Angeles
California State University at Fullerton
California State University at Long Beach
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)175,499 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)40.92% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 246 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
LAXLos Angeles InternationalLos Angeles
OAKMetropolitan Oakland InternationalOakland
SANSan Diego InternationalSan Diego
SFOSan Francisco InternationalSan Francisco
SNAJohn Wayne Airport-Orange CountySanta Ana
Ports 
Andrade
Calexico
Eureka
Fresno
Long Beach
Los Angeles
Monterey
Oakland
Ontario
Otay Mesa
Palm Springs
Port Hueneme
Redwood City
Richmond
Sacramento
San Diego
San Francisco
San Jose
San Ysidro
Santa Maria
Stockton
Tecate
Victorville

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary