Connecticut: Profile

Government 
Governor:Dannel Malloy (D)
Treasurer:Denise Nappier (D)
Senators:Christopher Murphy (D)
Richard Blumenthal (D)
Entered Union:January 9, 1788
U.S. Representatives:5
Area 
Total Area14,357 km2 / 5,543 mi2
Land Area12,542 km2 / 4,842 mi2
Water Area1,816 km2 / 701 mi2
Water Area Percentage12.65 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature106°F / 41°C , Danbury (July 15, 1995)
Record Low Temperature-32°F / -36°C , Falls Village (February 16, 1943)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$258,532 (2015)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$64,115 (2015)
Population 
Population3,590,886 (2015)
Under 19 Population869,341 / 24.21% (2015)
65 and older Population565,283 / 15.742% (2015)
Male Population1,752,063 / 48.792% (2015)
Female Population1,838,823 / 51.208% (2015)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 283,518 (2013)
Net International Immigration 28,141 (2015)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)36,285 per 1,000 (2014)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)10.8% (2014)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2015)
Bridgeport147,629
New Haven130,322
Stamford128,874
Employment 
Employment 1,682,000 (2016)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$1,021 (2016)
Unemployment Rate (%)5.4% (2016)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$8,117 (2014)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$8,117 (2014)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$4,417 (2015)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$68,704 (2015)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$59,175 (2015)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$46,444 (2014)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$4,501 (2014)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)89.5% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)37% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)16.4% (2014)
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)21,474 Miles (2015)
Gas Tax Rate (%)38.3% (2016)
Number of Public Airports 20 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BDLBradley InternationalWindsor Locks
HVNTweed-New HavenNew Haven
Ports 
Bridgeport
Hartford
New Haven
New London

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary