Idaho: Profile

Government 
Governor:Butch Otter (R)
Treasurer:Ron Crane (R)
Senators:Jim Risch (R)
Mike Crapo (R)
Entered Union:July 9, 1890
U.S. Representatives:2
Area 
Total Area216,443 km2 / 83,569 mi2
Land Area214,045 km2 / 82,643 mi2
Water Area2,398 km2 / 926 mi2
Water Area Percentage1.11 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -8
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -7
Weather 
Record High Temperature118°F / 48°C , Orofino (July 28, 1934)
Record Low Temperature-60°F / -51°C , Island Park Dam (January 18, 1943)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$64 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$35,235 (2014)
Population 
Population1,584,985 (2011)
Under 19 Population475,281 / 30.3% (2010)
65 and older Population194,668 / 12.4% (2010)
Male Population785,324 / 50.1% (2010)
Female Population782,258 / 49.9% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 135,893 (2007)
Net International Immigration 2,179 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)15.4 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)15.6% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Boise City 212,303
Nampa 83,930
Meridian 80,386
Employment 
Employment 685,300 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$735 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)4.5% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$4,150 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$4,317 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$695 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$36,734 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$9 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$20,044 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,067 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)90.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)25% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)8.3% (2014)
Largest Universities  
Boise State University
Idaho State University
Brigham Young University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)48,492 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)32% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 119 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BOIBoise Air Terminal/Gowen FieldBoise
IDAIdaho Falls RegionalIdaho Falls
LWSLewiston-Nez Perce CountyLewiston
SUNFriedman MemorialHailey
TWFJoslin Field - Magic Valley RegionalTwin Falls
Ports 
Boise
Eastport
Porthill

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary