Iowa: Profile

Government 
Governor:Terry Branstad (R)
Treasurer:Michael Fitzgerald (D)
Senators:Charles Grassley (R)
Joni Ernst (R)
Entered Union:December 28, 1846
U.S. Representatives:5
Area 
Total Area145,746 km2 / 56,273 mi2
Land Area144,669 km2 / 55,857 mi2
Water Area1,077 km2 / 416 mi2
Water Area Percentage0.74 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -6
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -5
Weather 
Record High Temperature118°F / 48°C , Keokuk (July 20, 1934)
Record Low Temperature-47°F / -44°C , Elkader (February 3, 1996)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$171 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$49,075 (2014)
Population 
Population3,062,309 (2011)
Under 19 Population820,510 / 26.9% (2010)
65 and older Population452,888 / 14.9% (2010)
Male Population1,508,319 / 19.5% (2010)
Female Population1,538,036 / 50.5% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 183,743 (2007)
Net International Immigration 3,189 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)13.2 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)12.6% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Des Moines 206,688
Cedar Rapids 128,119
Davenport 101,363
Employment 
Employment 1,578,200 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$797 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)4.6% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$6,320 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$5,583 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$1,828 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$44,937 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$22 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$40,606 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,368 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)92.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)27.7% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)9% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of Iowa
Iowa State University
University of Northern Iowa
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)114,438 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)32% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 120 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
ALOWaterloo RegionalWaterloo
CIDThe Eastern IowaCedar Rapids
DBQDubuque RegionalDubuque
DSMDes Moines InternationalDes Moines
SUXSioux Gateway/Col. Bud Day FieldSioux City
Ports 
Des Moines

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary