Maryland: Profile

Government 
Governor:Larry Hogan (R)
Treasurer:Nancy Kopp (D)
Senators:Barbara Mikulski (D)
Ben Cardin (D)
Entered Union:April 28, 1788
U.S. Representatives:8
Area 
Total Area32,131 km2 / 12,406 mi2
Land Area25,142 km2 / 9,707 mi2
Water Area6,990 km2 / 2,699 mi2
Water Area Percentage21.75 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature109°F / 44°C , Cumberland, Frederick (July 10, 1936)
Record Low Temperature-40°F / -40°C , Oakland (January 13, 1912)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$349 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$53,759 (2014)
Population 
Population5,828,289 (2011)
Under 19 Population1,516,626 / 26.3% (2010)
65 and older Population708,096 / 12.3% (2010)
Male Population2,791,762 / 48.4% (2010)
Female Population2,981,790 / 51.6% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 775,267 (2007)
Net International Immigration 19,565 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)13.2 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)10.2% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Baltimore621,342
Frederick66,382
Rockville63,244
Employment 
Employment 2,676,200 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$920 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)6.3% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$6,115 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$3,868 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$4,031 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$54,176 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$60 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$61,078 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,756 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)89.6% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)38.2% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)17.5% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of Maryland - College Park
University of Maryland - University College
John Hopkins University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)32,372 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)32.1% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 34 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BWIBaltimore/Washington International Thurgood MarshallGlen Burnie
HGRHagerstown Regional- Richard A. Henson FieldHagerstown
SBYSalisbury-Ocean City Wicomico RegionalSalisbury
Ports 
Baltimore

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary