Massachusetts: Profile

Government 
Governor:Charlie Baker (D)
Treasurer:Deborah Goldberg (D)
Senators:Ed Markey (D)
Elizabeth Warren (D)
Entered Union:February 6, 1788
U.S. Representatives:10
Area 
Total Area27,336 km2 / 10,554 mi2
Land Area20,202 km2 / 7,800 mi2
Water Area7,134 km2 / 2,754 mi2
Water Area Percentage26.10 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature107°F / 43°C , New Bedford, Chester (August 2, 1975)
Record Low Temperature-35°F / -37°C , Chester (January 12, 1981)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$460 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$63,005 (2014)
Population 
Population6,587,536 (2011)
Under 19 Population1,621,143 / 24.8% (2010)
65 and older Population902,724 / 13.8% (2010)
Male Population3,166,628 / 48.4% (2010)
Female Population3,381,001 / 51.6% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 1,228,856 (2007)
Net International Immigration 24,518 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)11.4 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)11.9% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Boston636,479
Worcester182,669
Springfield153,552
Employment 
Employment 3,512,400 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$1,013 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)6% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$8,597 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$4,149 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$6,042 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$58,737 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$100 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$86,423 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$3,361 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)89.7% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)41.2% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)18% (2014)
Largest Universities  
Boston University
University of Massachusetts-Amherst
Harvard University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)36,330 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)26.54% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 39 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
ACKNantucket MemorialNantucket
BOSGeneral Edward Lawrence Logan InternationalBoston
EWBNew Bedford RegionalNew Bedford
HYABarnstable Municipal-Boardman/Polando FieldHyannis
MVYMarthas VineyardVineyard Haven
Ports 
Boston
Fall River
Gloucester
Lawrence
Logan
New Bedford
Plymouth
Salem
Springfield
Worcester

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary