Montana: Profile

Government 
Governor:Steve Bullock (D)
Treasurer:Sheila Hogan (D)
Senators:Jon Tester (D)
Steve Daines (R)
Entered Union:November 8, 1889
U.S. Representatives:1
Area 
Total Area380,831 km2 / 147,040 mi2
Land Area376,962 km2 / 145,546 mi2
Water Area3,869 km2 / 1,494 mi2
Water Area Percentage1.02 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -7
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -6
Weather 
Record High Temperature117°F / 48°C , Medicine Lake (July 5, 1937)
Record Low Temperature-70°F / -57°C , Rogers Pass (January 20, 1954)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$45,933 (2015)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$39,792 (2015)
Population 
Population1,032,949 (2015)
Under 19 Population255,267 / 24.712% (2015)
65 and older Population178,931 / 17.322% (2015)
Male Population519,026 / 50.247% (2015)
Female Population513,923 / 49.753% (2015)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 8,575 (2013)
Net International Immigration 2,825 (2015)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)12,432 per 1,000 (2014)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)15.2% (2014)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2015)
Billings110,263
Missoula71,022
Great Falls59,638
Employment 
Employment 469,900 (2016)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$738 (2016)
Unemployment Rate (%)4.3% (2016)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$6,045 (2014)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$6,045 (2014)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$765 (2015)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$41,809 (2015)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$5,805 (2015)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$18,069 (2014)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,618 (2014)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)92.4% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)29.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)9.2% (2014)
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)74,933 Miles (2015)
Gas Tax Rate (%)27.75% (2016)
Number of Public Airports 126 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BILBillings Logan InternationalBillings
BZNBozeman Yellowstone InternationalBozeman
GPIGlacier Park InternationalKalispell
GTFGreat Falls InternationalGreat Falls
MSOMissoula InternationalMissoula
Ports 
Del Bonita
Great Falls
Kalispell
Morgan
Opheim
Piegan
Raymond Area
Roosville
Scobey
Sweetgrass Area
Turner
Whitetail
Whitlash
Wild Horse
Willow Creek

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary