New York: Profile

Government 
Governor:Andrew Cuomo (D)
Treasurer:Thomas DiNapoli (D)
Senators:Charles Schumer (D)
Kirsten Gillibrand (D)
Entered Union:July 26, 1788
U.S. Representatives:29
Area 
Total Area141,297 km2 / 54,555 mi2
Land Area122,057 km2 / 47,126 mi2
Water Area19,240 km2 / 7,429 mi2
Water Area Percentage13.62 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature108°F / 42°C , Troy (July 22, 1926)
Record Low Temperature-57°F / -47°C , Old Forge (February 18, 1979)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$1,405 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$64,818 (2014)
Population 
Population19,465,197 (2011)
Under 19 Population4,897,511 / 25.3% (2010)
65 and older Population2,617,943 / 13.5% (2010)
Male Population9,377,147 / 48.4% (2010)
Female Population10,000,955 / 51.6% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 5,229,102 (2007)
Net International Immigration 75,099 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)12.7 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)16% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
New York 8,336,697
Buffalo 259,384
Rochester 210,532
Employment 
Employment 9,266,000 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$961 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)6.2% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$6,773 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$3,350 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$27,782 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$55,611 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$251 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$318,156 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$3,497 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)85.7% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)34.5% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)14.9% (2014)
Largest Universities  
New York University
SUNY at Buffalo
Touro College
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)114,709 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)44.27% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 126 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
ALBAlbany InternationalAlbany
BUFBuffalo Niagara InternationalBuffalo
JFKJohn F Kennedy InternationalNew York
LGALa GuardiaNew York
ROCGreater Rochester InternationalRochester
Ports 
Albany
Alexandria Bay
Binghamton
Buffalo
Champlain
Hempstead
Massena
New York City
Ogedensburg
Port Jefferson
Rochester
Syracuse
Trout River

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary