North Carolina: Profile

Government 
Governor:Patrick McCrory (R)
Treasurer:Janet Cowell (D)
Senators:Richard Burr (R)
Thom Tillis (R)
Entered Union:November 21, 1789
U.S. Representatives:13
Area 
Total Area139,391 km2 / 53,819 mi2
Land Area125,920 km2 / 48,618 mi2
Water Area13,471 km2 / 5,201 mi2
Water Area Percentage9.66 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature110°F / 43°C , Fayetteville (August 21, 1983)
Record Low Temperature-34°F / -37°C , Mount Mitchell (January 21, 1985)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$483 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$44,281 (2014)
Population 
Population9,656,401 (2011)
Under 19 Population2,558,680 / 26.8% (2010)
65 and older Population1,234,079 / 12.9% (2010)
Male Population4,645,492 / 48.7% (2010)
Female Population4,889,991 / 51.3% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 814,645 (2007)
Net International Immigration 21,211 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)13.5 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)17.8% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Charlotte 775,202
Raleigh 423,179
Greensboro 277,080
Employment 
Employment 4,269,000 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$766 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)6.7% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$4,377 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$3,790 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$4,884 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$39,171 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$72 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$101,336 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$2,332 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)86.4% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)28.7% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)10.1% (2014)
Largest Universities  
North Carolina State University at Raleigh
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
East Carolina University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)106,063 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)36.25% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 111 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
AVLAsheville RegionalAsheville
CLTCharlotte/Douglas InternationalCharlotte
GSOPiedmont Triad InternationalGreensboro
ILMWilmington InternationalWilmington
RDURaleigh-Durham InternationalRaleigh
Ports 
Charlotte
Morehead City
Releigh-Durham
Wilmington
Winston-Salem

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary