North Dakota: Profile

Government 
Governor:Jack Dalrymple (R)
Treasurer:Kelly Schmidt (R)
Senators:Heidi Heitkamp (D)
John Hoeven (R)
Entered Union:November 2, 1889
U.S. Representatives:1
Area 
Total Area183,108 km2 / 70,698 mi2
Land Area178,711 km2 / 69,001 mi2
Water Area4,397 km2 / 1,698 mi2
Water Area Percentage2.40 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -8
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -7
Weather 
Record High Temperature121°F / 50°C , Steele (July 6, 1936)
Record Low Temperature-60°F / -51°C , Parshall (February 15, 1936)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$55 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$65,225 (2014)
Population 
Population683,932 (2011)
Under 19 Population171,935 / 25.6% (2010)
65 and older Population97,477 / 14.5% (2010)
Male Population339,864 / 50.5% (2010)
Female Population332,727 / 49.5% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 35,387 (2007)
Net International Immigration 521 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)13.9 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)11.6% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Fargo 109,779
Bismarck 64,751
Grand Forks 53,456
Employment 
Employment 463,800 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$896 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)2.8% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$7,896 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$10,540 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$261 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$55,802 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$8 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$20,326 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$5,627 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)92.2% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)27.4% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)7.6% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of North Dakota
North Dakota State University
Minot State University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)86,851 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)23% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 89 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
BISBismarck MunicipalBismarck
FARHector InternationalFargo
GFKGrand Forks InternationalGrand Forks
ISNSloulin Field InternationalWilliston
MOTMinot InternationalMinot
Ports 
Ambrose
Antler
Carbury
Cherwood
Dunseith
Fargo
Fortuna
Grand Forks
Hannah
Hansboro
Maida
Minot
Neche
Noonan
Northgate
Pembina
Portal
Saint John
Sarles
Walhalla
Westhope
Williston

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary